|Bordered by Costa Rica on the South and Honduras on the North, Nicaragua is the largest Central American republic. The vast Pacific Ocean forms her western border, the balmy Caribbean Sea the east. Is is a warm and friendly land of lakes and mountains; rivers and volcanoes, sea and sun. The country is divided into three geographic regions: the Pacific Lowlands on the west, the mountainous Central Region and the Atlantic Lowlands on the east.
The Pacific Lowlands:
This region is the most populated. About 27 percent of the nation's entire population lives in and around Managua, the capital city, on the southern shores of Lake Managua. Few Latin American capital cities share Managua's picturesque location. Being on an open plain, it does not suffer the pollution of other capitals trapped in mountain valleys.
In addition to its beach and resort communities, the Pacific Lowlands is also the repository for much of Nicaragua's Spanish colonial heritage. Cities such as Granada and Leon abound in Spanish colonial architecture and artifacts.
The Central Region:
Hikers and backpackers, walking along the tree shaded paths can quench their thirst in the clear waters of the mountain springs.
A lucky bird watcher may be able to add a rare quetzal to their inventory. Most certainly they will see goldfinches, hummingbirds, magpies or toucanets. Taking a branch of the famous Pan American Highway, the traveler can drive through the heart of this region to the border with Honduras.
The Atlantic Lowlands:
Nature lovers will find much to peak their interest in the tropical forests of the area. A great variety of birds are to be studied including eagles, turkeys, toucans, parakeets and macaws. Animal life in the area includes several different species of monkeys, ant-eaters, white-tailed deer and tapirs.
It is well worth the time to take the short flight from Bluefields to the Corn Islands. These small, beautiful islands are fringed with white coral and are a popular resort area for many Central Americans. They are a perfect spot for bathing, surfing, fishing and the small island even has a mountain to climb. If you are a lover of seafood and shell fish, the Corn Islands is the place to be.
|Nicaragua has a predominantly tropical climate, alternating between two seasons: rainy and dry (winter and summer). This is the result of its geographic location between 11 and 15 degrees latitude north and the humidity from both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans which give it a fairly stable season.
In the Central Region the rainy season lasts from May to October. The dry season occurs from November through April. During December the weather is more temperate. The warmest months are March, April and May, Nicargua's "sea season".
The climate in the Atlantic Coast has been classified as having the highest temperature and humidity. The temperature in this region corresponds to that in tropical jungles and ranges above 89° F.
|The "Nicas" are friendly and obliging people, with a matriarchal society.
The country is multi-ethnic with no official religion. Nicaragua's population is very young, 60 percent is under 17 years of age. Mestizos of mixed Indian and Spanish blood make up the majority of the population and they are the originators of Nicargua's colorful folklore, music and much of its religious tradition.
Managua is the nation's capital with a population of approximately one million, 27 percent of the entire country's popultation. On the Atlantic Coast there is also strong African influence which has its roots in the black workers brought in by the British to work the plantations and in Jamaican immigration. Another predominant ethnic group is the Miskito Indian.
|Nicaragua is independent, free, sovereign, unitarian and indivisible. It is a democratic, participative and representative republic. Managua is the nation's capital and the seat of the Government.|
|Spanish is the official language. On the Atlantic Coast the indigenous population speaks English and Miskito.|
|The economy is based on agriculture, principal exports items being coffee, cotton, sugar, bananas, beef, tobacco, sesame seed, rice, corn, beans and sorghum. At present agriculture constitutes 60 percent of its total exports which annually yield approximately US$300 million.|
|Through education Nicaragua's Government promotes the formation of nationals, giving them a decisive, scientific and humanist conscience. Education is free and the same for all Nicaraguans. Elementary education is free and compulsory. Communities localted on the Atlantic Coast have access to education in their native language. Higher education has financial, organic and administrative autonomy, according to the law. Also, freedom of subjects is recognized.|
|Nicaragua has four major newspapers and five TV channels with national coverage. There are also several private and government radio stations.|
|Some government offices are open Monday-Friday from 8:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. and others from 8:00-12:00 a.m. and from 1:00-5:00 p.m. Generally, the private sector opens all day and stores open Saturdays.|
|Banking hours and currency exchange|
|Nine private banks and 3 state banks. Open 8:30, close 5:30 pm. Visa, Mastercard accepted almost everywhere. American express in some locations only, basically hotels. Travelers Checks are accepted.
One US dollar is worth 10.35 Cordobas (May '98). Money exchange is available in banks, exchange houses, hotels and street vendores (not recommended). Dollars are readily accepted anywhere except in the countryside.
|Entry visas will not be required from citizens of any country, except for the citizens of the countries listed below. A Tourist Card (US$ 5.00) must be bought upon arrival. Traveller must have a passport that will be valid at least six months after entering the country. Everyone leaving Nicaragua must pay an airport tax of US$ 35.00.|
Afghanistan, Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Colombia, Cuba, Haiti, India, Irak, Iran, Jordania, Lebanon, Libya, Nepal, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, People's Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Somalia, Vietnam, Yugoslavia
|Airport tax - $35.00|
Sales tax is 15%
|Electricity is generally 110 watts and 220 watts for special services.
Drinking water is available in the major cities and chlorinated water can be obtained in any other city.
There is a national telephone service network. There are public telephones in Managua, major cities and TELCOR offices. International phone calls can be made by dialing 164 in Managua and 02-164 in any other department.
|There are excellent restaurants in Managua which offer international cuisine prepared by first class chefs. There are also restaurants that offer local dishes. In Granada, Leon, Masaya, Chinandega and Esteli you can enjoy traditional dishes as well as an attractive international menu.|
|In Managua as well as in major cities, tourists can buy national products such as clothing, shoes, handicrafts and souvenirs. Foreign goods are also available. Gold and silver goods produced in Nicaragua have great demand and can be purchased in major jewelry stores. Some of the largest and best stores are the Centro Comercial Managua, Metrocentro, Supermercados, Diplotiendas and Supermercados Internacionales.|
|Easily obtained in Managua'a Roberto Huembes Market. However, a better place to obtain them is Masaya. Here you will find clothing, leather, hemp and wood goods, shoes, and pre-Columbian type ceramic, attractive souvenirs of your visit to Nicaragua.|
|Museums and historical sites|
Acahualinca Footprints Museum - Managua
Julio Cortazar Museum - Managua
Alfabetización Museum - Managua
Casa Hacienda San Jacinto - Km 39.5 Carr. Norte
Tenderi Museum - Nindiri
Ruben Dario Archive-Museum - Leon
Adicat Museum - Leon
Exposition Zapatera Collection - Granada
Nicarao Museum of Anthropology and History - Rivas
Gregorio Aguilar Barea Museum - Chontales
Ruben Dario House - Museum - Ciudad Dario
Masaya Volcano Museum - Masaya
|Emergency medical services|
|Nicaragua has free hospital services. It also has private hospitals and clinics. Major hospitals and clinics in Managua are as follows:
Bautista Hospital / Tel. 497333 / 497118
Villa Fontana Clinic / Tel. 74614 / 672696
Montoya Medical Center / Tel. 281054
Radiology Institute / Tel. 662740 / 666005
Las Palmas Clinic / Tel. 660881
Renovacion Clinic / Tel. 661325
Tiscapa Clinic / Tel. 71300
Davila Bolaños Hospital / Tel. 22764-66
Berta Calderon Hospital / Tel. 601787 /601303
Manolo Morales Hospital / Tel. 70990-92
La Mascota Hospital / Tel. 897700-06
Velez Paiz Hospital / Tel. 650009
Lenin Fonseca Hospital / Tel. 666547-50
Psychiatric Hospital / Tel. 667877-81
|Nicaragua's Public Holidays|
|In addition to these national holidays, many cities and towns throughout Nicaragua celebrate their own festival and holidays throughout the year.|
March or April
Holy Thursday and Friday
Revolution of 1979
Battle of San Jacinto
All Souls Day (Día de los Muertos)
Immaculate Conception (Purísima)
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