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Unemployment in Costa Rica

Unemployment in Costa Rica Climbs to a Record 20.1 Percent

New figures out today reveal unemployment in Costa Rica has risen dramatically since the COVID-19 crisis started.

Today the National Institute of Statistics and Censors in Costa Rica (INEC) announced that unemployment has risen to 20.1%. That’s 468,000 people now out of work.

Unemployment in Costa Rica has risen by 4.4% since the end of April. It’s now higher than the OECD anticipation of 15.9% in 2020.

26% of women are unemployed in Costa Rica and 16.3% of men. 41.6% of Costa Ricans aged 15 and over were already outside of the workforce.

Underemployment – where people work less than 40 hours per week and need more hours – has increased by 8%. For more data, INEC published a detailed document this morning outlining the current situation. 

Gerardo Corrales from Economia Hoy estimates that around 900,000 Costa Ricans have some form of employment problems, according to reports in La Republica.

This morning, President Alvarado began following through on his pledge last week to reduce the salaries of Costa Rica’s highest-paid public workers, starting with himself. He proposed a 15% wage cut and immediately announced his own salary would drop by that amount.

“The health pandemic has caused an economic pandemic,” the president tweeted this morning.              

“The country is going through hard times and this is why the government proposes a 15% reduction of the working hours of public employees who earn more than 1.5 million colones [around $2,500]. Starting today, I will voluntarily lower my salary to meet that 15% in total.”

In the meantime, the 468,000 unemployed in Costa Rica have bigger concerns than a salary reduction for wealthy public officials.

Especially the thousands of people who won’t be receiving their Bono Proteger.

960,000 Costa Ricans applied for this payment since the government introduced it to help those who lost their jobs in the pandemic.

Many are still waiting for their payment, after four months, and today the government admitted that 200,000 won’t receive anything at all.

The money just isn’t there to pay people out, according to Juan Luis Bermudez, president of IMAS, the government social aid organization in charge of distributing the funds.

The OECD expects the economy to contact by up to 4.9% in 2020, although given that unemployment in Costa Rica has exceeded OECD expectations already, we could be looking at a larger contraction.

The big question is, in light of President Alvarado’s comments yesterday about not relying on the lockdown to bring down COVID-19 case numbers, is all this pain worth it? Given the increasing amount of Ticos on social media now condemning the lockdown, the jury appears to be out on that one.

James Dyde is the editor of He lives in Escazu, Costa Rica.

James Dyde

James Dyde

James Dyde is a British immigrant to Costa Rica and the editor of this website. He has lived in Central America since 2000 and retains a deep love for the region. He lives in Escazu, Costa Rica.