Updated March 24, 2021
What’s better for you as a potential expat/immigrant in Costa Rica? To get Costa Rica residency or to continue doing visa runs every three months? The answer depends on you. This article has been updated in March 2021 to cover doing visa runs during the Covid-19 pandemic.
One certain thing about living in Ticolandia as an expat is the “Costa Rica visa run vs. Costa Rica residency” argument will draw you in someday.
Once you get to Costa Rica, you’ll find yourself part of the conversation, too.
So what’s this Costa Rica visa run thing? Some kind of race?
Yeah, it’s some kind of race. A race against time.
By that, I mean the time the immigration officer at the airport or border gives you when you arrive in Costa Rica.
When you arrive on a tourist visa, you get an amount of time you can stay in the country before you have to leave.
For most North American and European Union citizens, the time allowed is up to ninety days. Note the words “up to”.
It’s not ninety days, it’s up to ninety days, depending on how much the immigration officer in front of you a) likes your face or um, b) likes your face.
Depending on the officer’s mood (and your attitude) as you lay your passport in front of him or her, you can get anywhere from zero days in Costa Rica to ninety. It’s a total crapshoot. This, I should point out, is normal. Every country gives their immigration agents the exclusive right to use their discretion about whether to let someone in or how long to let them stay. That’s their job.
Most of the time you’ll get ninety days (if your country has a ninety-day maximum – some don’t so please check) but sometimes it’s less.
We can also throw in a c) during these crazy Covid times… and that’s your insurance.
Right now, all tourists entering Costa Rica must purchase Covid insurance to cover them for the time they’re staying. Immigration officers now no longer decide on whether they like your face or not, or how many stamps you have. They now give you the exact amount of days your Covid insurance covers.
If you’re reentering Costa Rica after a visa run, hoping to get 90 days but you cheapskated it and bought, say, a weeks worth of insurance, guess what? You’ll get a week. Times have changed.
The immigration officer will stamp your passport and write the number of days he or she deems appropriate (and/or whatever amount of days your insurance covers) over the stamp. When those days are up, you gotta leave.
A visa run is when you leave the country and return for another stamp. And unless you apply for Costa Rica residency straight away, you’ll do it too.
Thousands of people do (or, pre-pandemic, did) visa runs and the process isn’t (wasn’t) a major complication.
The essentials are you leave the country, enter another one, turn around and re-enter Costa Rica. Most people do this at either the Nicaraguan or the Panamanian borders. Many take a few days to check out the other country before coming back and getting another up-to-90-days stamp. And so on.
One wouldn’t expect an innocuous administrative task every few months to lead to so much dispute, but one glance at the online forums and Costa Rica expats groups on social media would prove you wrong.
The visa run question is one of the most dividing issues among expats in Costa Rica and you will end up engaging people and developing your own opinion.
There’s one school of thought – held by many expats in Costa Rica who went through the often protracted and torturous residency process – deriding those who do visa runs as somehow “not authentic” expats.
They suggest having your Costa Rica residency card means you’re “official” here and not some mere tourist. There’s merit to this school of thought, although it reinforces the notion of a hierarchy among expats – which, of course, there is.
Naturalized citizens come top of the pecking order, followed by permanent residents. After them come the temporary residents, then those waiting for residency, and then the perpetual tourists (those who bounce in and out doing visa runs) at the bottom.
Hey, I didn’t make the rules here – I’m only reporting them. Like it or not, this is how many people see it, even if they won’t admit it. A glance at the Facebook groups will tell you that.
If you’re a perpetual tourist, whether new in Costa Rica or years into your time here, there are many reasons to skip the residency stuff and stay on the visa run shuffle.
Haters gonna hate no matter what, so when you meet the Costa Rica residency snobs, throw the following into their faces:
Costa Rica Visa Run Pros
- Perpetual tourism is freedom.
You are not tied down to Costa Rica. If you don’t like it you can leave and go somewhere else, no strings attached.
- Perpetual tourism is cheaper.
People often go the residency route because they want to save money by skipping out on the multi-annual travel expenses overseas. They assume they will save money that way. What they don’t realize is Costa Rica residency is expensive. We’re talking a minimum few hundred dollars here plus more than that if you use a lawyer to help you. Not to mention the Caja fees (Costa Rica social security/healthcare) that all residents have to pay each month. Those costs will soon overtake the cost of running up to Nicaragua and back a few times a year. Note: In the new normal of mandatory Covid insurance for tourists to enter Costa Rica, be warned that perpetual tourism may NOT be that much cheaper any more. It will entirely depend on how much you can get your insurance for. Plus, of course, the cost of the Covid test you’ll need to take to enter Panama or Nicaragua.
- As a perpetual tourist, you’re still protected under the Costa Rican constitution.
This means you have the same legal rights as any legal resident or citizen.
- Perpetual tourism means you get an enforced vacation at least four times per year.
It’s a great way to think of it if you’re a glass-half-full person. While you can cross the border and come straight back during your visa run, many explore a little. Visa runs out of Costa Rica are a great excuse for some beach time in San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua or some shopping in Panama City. You may not have gotten around to it otherwise and now you have to.
Now that’s one half of the argument. Your resident friends will come back at you with compelling arguments themselves. It’s worth hearing them out, and they might persuade you that going for residency is the way forward after all:
Costa Rica Visa Run Cons
- Perpetual tourism means insecurity.
There’s no getting around this. Every time you enter Costa Rica as a perpetual tourist you are at the mercy of the person behind the counter with your passport in their hand. As mentioned, they can give you zero days or ninety days. If they don’t want to let you back in, there’s nothing you can do about it. If they give you ten days instead of ninety, you have to do the visa run shuffle again in ten days. It’s a complete lottery. Some people have been doing visa runs for decades, getting ninety days at a time with no issues. Others get turned away or given less than ninety days on their first time. You never know how it will go. Freedom has a cost, and this is the cost right here. You can’t help feel at least a little twinge of insecurity every time you enter Costa Rica. Unless you’re a true free spirit and don’t care. In that case, you’re all good.
- Perpetual tourism means carrying your passport with you all the time.
The rules say you’re allowed to carry a copy of your passport but it doesn’t always work like that. If you’re using credit or debit cards or paying certain bills or even walking down the street, someone will want to see some ID at some point. And they’ll want to see real ID. Being a perpetual tourist means having a dog-eared passport with tons of stamps. But at least you’ll learn your passport number by heart. Who does that in your home country?
- Perpetual tourism means price discrimination.
Yeah, yeah, we know under the constitution tourists have equal rights. But some rights are not as equal as others. You, as a perpetual tourist, will pay tourist prices. National parks will be more expensive for you to enter than for citizens and residents. Some domestic airlines are more than twice as expensive for tourists, and car rentals too. There are many examples where having Costa Rica residency will give you the “insider’s” price. Without it, you’ll always be an outsider.
- Perpetual tourism can be an admin nightmare.
Nowadays it’s tough for non-residents to open bank accounts in Costa Rica, at least accounts which allow you to do more than just use an ATM. Only foreigners with legal residency can now get Costa Rican driving licenses. Without residency, you can’t get a post-paid cell phone. These little things might be insignificant on their own, but combined they can drain the pura vida out of your life faster than a snowman melting on a Tico beach.
- Perpetual tourism means you can’t legally work in Costa Rica.
Many people will argue about this but the truth is you cannot. End of story. You can own a business (although you can’t work at it, you can only administer it). You can be a digital nomad, working online from wherever in the world and being paid from abroad into a foreign bank account. But you cannot get a job in Costa Rica as a perpetual tourist. Not legally not ever no matter what people say.
- Perpetual tourism means Covid stress.
The world has changed a lot since March 2020 when Costa Rica closed its borders. Before then, visa-running was a simple lifestyle choice for many. But if there’s one thing that might force people into ending their perpetual tourism and getting residency, it might well be the Covid pandemic. So it’s still a lifestyle choice, but now maybe not so simple. Put it this way. A visa run to Nicaragua or Panama is no longer as easy as it used to be. You need to present proof of a negative Covid test to enter either country (within 72 hours of entry for Nicaragua, 48 hours for Panama). That’s a pain in the ass right there. Plus it costs money. And what if your test is positive? You’ll need to go home and quarantine, and then you’ll be over your 90 days if you leave it to the last minute. There are now logistics to think of you never had to before. Panama can test you upon arrival but if you’re positive there, they’ll whisk you away to a facility for two weeks. Way to enjoy what you thought would be a couple of hours visa run. And we’ve already talked about the insurance you need to buy to reenter Costa Rica. Long story short, nowadays, doing a visa run equals major stress you don’t need. But hey, as we said above, if you’re a true free spirit who doesn’t care about any of this stuff, you’re all good.
- Perpetual tourism means insecurity.
So yeah. It goes both ways. There are pros and cons on both sides of the Costa Rica residency vs visa run question.
The problem is many people just can’t fit into the various categories of residency required.
Does that make them bad people? Of course not. Does that mean they shouldn’t enjoy their lives in Costa Rica? Hell no.
This debate between Costa Rica residency and visa run fans will roll on and on. It’s down to you to determine which side of it you want to be on.
James Dyde is the editor of CentralAmerica.com. He lives in Escazu, Costa Rica.